河北成人高考高起点英语精品讲义解题步骤和技巧

河南成人高考网www.hncrgk.com.cn 发布时间: 2018年05月20日

第28讲-讲义



解题步骤和技巧

 

第二部分    解题指导与能力训练(P137-210

 

二.词汇与语法知识解题指导与能力训练(P142-158

一) 词汇与语法知识解题指导(P142-145

1. 解题步骤和技巧:

1) 大致浏览所给四个选项和句子,迅速判断该题是语法题还是词汇题。如果是语法题要通过一些标志词来判断该题涉及哪些语法内容。再进一步回想该语法内容的要点。如果是词汇题就要先看一下所给四个选项的词是否都认识。

2) 在第一遍的大致浏览过程中有些题很容易就可以选出肯定的答案,情况会因人而异,有的人会做的题多有的人会做的题少。然后再从头开始仔细看没有选出答案的题。遵循先语法后语义的原则解题。

3) 运用排除法:可采取语言排除、逻辑排除、语法排除或选择排除等方法。先排除掉较容易、较明显的错误选项,缩小范围,而后对剩余的选项进行比较分析,最后确定答案。

2. 做题时要注意以下几个方面:

1) 切忌见句子就翻译, 不明白句子意思就不会选择的现象。

2)在选定答案时要根据每题的实际情况进行综合的分析判断,采用一种或多种逻辑推理方式解题。

3) 对于进过分析判断得出的答案不要反复进行检查。要相信自己的直觉和判断,即使有机会也不要和别人核对答案。

3. 实战案例

 

第1题

1) I got to the cinema and saw that the film          .

A. already started

B. had already started

C. starts

D. had been started

解析:B 听讲座录音

 

2) A good deal of money       spent on books.

A. have

B. has

C. have been

D. has been

解析:D 听讲座录音

 

3) Three fourths of the homework        today.

A. has finished

B. has been finished

C. have finished

D. have been finished

解析:B 听讲座录音

 

4) He ran off        I could stop him.

A. before

B. after

C. since

D. when

解析:A 听讲座录音

 

5)          Miss Wang looked after the old woman a whole year moved us all.

A. That

B. What

C. When

D. Why

解析:A  听讲座录音

 

6) I       the paper after lunch. That’s one of the things I really enjoy.

A. used to read

B. am used to reading

C. use to read

D. used to reading

解析:B 听讲座录音

 

7) I am glad        to look around your research center.

A. to allow

B. to be allowed

C. having allowed

D. being allowed

解析:B 听讲座录音

 

8) She hasn’t read the article, nor        the essay.

A. has written

B. she has written

C. writing

D. has she written

解析:D 听讲座录音

 

9) How can you keep the machine       when you’re away?

A. run

B. runs

C. to run

D. running

解析:D 听讲座录音

 

10) If he       tomorrow, he will meet Mr. Wang.

A. come

B. comes

C. will come

D. coming.

解析:B 听讲座录音